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 It is not exactly competition which is a fault being pointed out. I believe it is more HOW competition takes place in society because as some of you mentioned, without competition how can there be progress?
Instead the major fault I believe Golding tries to point out society has through “The Lord of the Flies” is the corruption and weakness of Law and Order which is represented by the conch. Since the beginning the conch has been treated specially as, “He held the shining thing carefully” (170). The conch seems to me as a solid representation of following the ‘golden rule’. “Treat others as you want to be treated”. With the conch all the boys were supposed to be treated equally as by holding it everyone should not interrupt. Note that I said should not instead of could not, becuase that is how Golding shows that law and order is one of the faults of society for Jack rebells against the power and control of this object.
In a society, if Law and Order were not made to favor anyone for in this case if favors the chief for he can always interupt, then society would work out. Things are not like that. Powerful and imposing people like Jack fight against it and thus destroy any balance of justice. If things were fair then competition would not be a problem for people would be treated equally and given the chance to speak. By speaking then conflicts would be avoided because the complaints of the people should be appeased so competition should not create problems.

The only children that are trully innocent are those that are ignorant of what is happenning around them, in this case the littluns. Yes its true, Piggy and Simon may also be seen as innocent. As some of you have mentioned, one of the parts in which their innocence is portrayed is when Golding writes “They knew very well why he hadn’t; because of the enormity of the knife descending and cutting into living flesh” (31). Sorry, but as much as something is born with innocent it is born with curiosity which leads to temptation. Remember how right after the innocence is portrayed in the quote above, then it is said that “‘Next time-!’ He snatched his knife out of the sheath and slammed it into a tree trunk. Next time there would be no mercy” (31). This simply shocks me back to the truth, the truth that things are also evil, like in a ying yang where both good and evil balance out.
Someone also mentioned the chant, I think it was Hanggi. The point is that it is indeed an excellent point prooving how evil the boys are, including Ralph and Piggy, because they were awake, their eyes were open and there was light for they were dancing around a fire. Nothing justifies their brutal killing of Simon. Children may seem innocent, but just give them the right chance, a certain temptation, and then their evil side shall emerge. That is what Lord of the Flies portrays.

November 4, 2008 9:01 PM

15.  Memorable quotes

 “’I ought to be chief,’ said Jack with simple arrogance, ‘because I’m chapter chorister and head boy.  I can sing C sharp.”  This shows the early signs of the tension between Jack and Ralph, and it also shows Jack’s pride.

 “Ralph stirred uneasily.  Simon, sitting between the twins and Piggy, wiped his mouth and shoved his piece of meat over the rocks to Piggy, who grabbed it.  The twins giggled and Simon lowered his face in shame.”  This quote shows that Simon is kind and sincere.

 “Kill the pig.  Cut her throat.  Bash her in.”  These expresses the increasing intensity of the boys’ savagery.

 “It was dark.  there was that — that bloody dance.  There was lightning and thunder and rain.  We was scared!”  This describes how the boys’ have gone beyond the point of fun and games.  They are no longer boys playing on the island but a bunch of savages.

12.  Figurative Language

 Personification - Golding uses little personification in this book.  He does use it, however, during the conversation between the dead pig head and Simon.  The head is personified and given able to speak to Simon.  Although it is dead, it is proud and defiant in its speech.

 Simile - Golding occasionally uses simile.  One occasion occurs in the first passage when Golding compares the sand with a road saying, “there was a strip of weed-strewn beach that was almost as firm as a road.”

 Metaphor - Golding often uses metaphor in this book.  In fact, all symbolism is a type of metaphor since they compare two unlike things.  Other metaphors in the book was when Golding described the choir boy at the beginning of the book as a dark creature crawling along the sand.

 Allusion - Golding has several allusions in the book.  The title itself is an allusion to the Bible since “The Lord of the Flies” was a title given to Beelzebub.  Simon’s name in the book is also an allusion to the disciple Simon Peter.

11.  Symbolism

 Golding uses a lot of symbolism in The Lord of the Flies.  The entire book is symbolic of the nature of man and society in general as the island becomes a society metaphorical to society as a whole and the hunt at the end of the book symbolic of the war.  A symbol Golding uses throughout the book is the conch.  It represents authority and order.  The person holding the conch had the power, and it created order and rules since when it was called, everyone had to listen.  Another symbol is Piggy’s glasses.  It symbolized knowledge and insight.  While Piggy had them, he was able to give advice to the group, such as that of the signal fire.  It was the glasses that created the fire.  However, after the glasses are broken, the group loses what insight they had.  The war paint is also a symbol.  It symbolized the rejection of society.  In a way, when they put on the mask of war paint, they took off the mask of society and revealed their true inner selves which was savage.

6.  Themes

 1.  This book traces the faults in society to the faults in the individual person.  Golding says that each person has in evil inner nature poorly covered by society.  If the society is taken away, then the inner nature comes out and chaos and lawlessness erupt. 
 2.  Each person has an evil nature and is capable of committing heinous crimes.  In this book, virtually every person fell to the level of Jack’s savagery except those that were able to see that evil such as Ralph, Simon, and Piggy. 
 3.  The beast is human.  In the beginning of the book, a littlun told the others that he saw a beast in the jungle starting everyone’s fears.  However, it turns out that the beast is actually a parachutist and human, symbolizing that what they should be scared of is not some evil creature, but their own selves and other humans.

  • "Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man’s heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise friend called Piggy."
    - William Golding, Lord of the Flies, Chapter 12
  • "What was the sensible thing to do? There was no Piggy to talk sense."
    - William Golding, Lord of the Flies, Chapter 12
  • "Piggy’s arms and legs twitched a bit, like a pig’s after it has been killed."
    - William Golding, Lord of the Flies, Chapter 12
  • "Which is better—to have laws and agree, or to hunt and kill?"
    - William Golding, Lord of the Flies, Ch. 11